First Aid

We do not know when we will need to react quickly to an emergency situation. And we do not know how we will react or if we are certain of what course of crucial. It could very well turn out to be a life-saver. This section is not intended to train you in the skill of first aid. However, it can help you cope with any possible emergency at home, at work or at play, until professional medical help arrives.

First Aid
First aid is the skilled application of treatment, using facilities or materials available at the time, that any trained individual gives an ill or injured person while waiting for medical assistance to arrive.
One who gives first aid always strives to:
  • Preserve the victim,s life.
  • Prevent complications or keep the condition from worsening.
  • Aid recovery.
  • Assure the victim by comforting him and relieving pain.
Anyone who gives first aid must know exactly what to do in different situations, as the wrong treatment could aggravate a victim's condition instead of improving it.

Accidents here refer to unexpected mishaps. If the resulting injuries are severe, send someone to call for a doctor or ambulance immediately while you begin firs aid. Time is of vital importance; any delay in medical attention increases the risk of complications or death.
If you are alone, however, you may need to administer first aid before going for help if the person's life is in danger.

Follow this steps

  • Check for DANGER
    to you , others and the casualty. Move casualty only if necessary.
  • Check for RESPONSE
    Gently shake the casualty. If victims is an infant or young child, look for eye-opening response.
  • Call for HELP
    call an ambulance or EMS
    to call for ambulance assistance just dial 117 / 911.
    If the casualty must be moved or pulled to safety, move his body length-wise (not sideways). A blanket, rug or long coat under him may be used to pull him along. If he must be lifted, get the help of two or three people to support his body in a straight line.
    A stretcher is the best mode of moving an accident victims. You can improvise one from a door or a wide board; or you can make one out of poles and two buttoned jackets with the sleeves turned inward so that the poles may be run through the armholes. Never bundle a seriously injured person into a car to take him to the nearest hospital.

If the victim is conscious and complains that he/she cannot feel or move his limbs, he/she may have a spinal injury. A victim with severe head injury must be presumed to have neck spine injury. Immobilize the neck with sand bags or apply a Philadelphia collar or cervical collar (if available). Do not move a person with spinal injury without trained help unless his life is in immediate danger. The person should be covered to keep him warm and any tight clothing should be loosened. Check for severe bleeding and try to stop it. If possible, raise hi legs for better blood circulation in the brain.

If the victim is unconscious do ABC.
  • AClear AIRWAY
    Remove debris from the mouth (ie, blood, vomitus, knocked teeth, dentures) and tilt the head backward after ensuring there is no spinal injury.
  • B Check for BREATHING
    Look for chest rise and fall; listen for breath sounds; feel for breath on your own hand.
    If casualty is NOT breathing but there is a pulse, give two blows or do mouth-to-mouth resuscitation
    If casualty is unconscious but breathing, put him in the recovery position to prevent suffocation.
  • C Check for CIRCULATION
    Take hi pulse. Place two fingers at the wrist or just below the angel of the jaw or at the groin. A normal adult has 60-80 heart beats per minute.
    If there is no pulse, do Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation or CPR.
See how to do CPR.
    You can only stop doing CPR when the victim have pulse and breathing
    or the AMBULANCE has arrive.

Leave a Reply

Thank you ^^